Aim of the game
Two rival fencers try to strike the target area on each other's body using a long, blunt-tipped blade
Why should you watch this?
These days this is the closest you can get to medieval combat, and you cannot fail to be impressed by the speed of the fencers' movements in this dynamic and challenging sport
The starting position of the two opponents, blade-to-blade in the centre of the piste
A metal guard fixed between the blade and the handle, designed to protect the fencer's sword hand
A blocking and deflecting blade movement to stem the opponent's attack
Impress your friends
The sport made its debut at the Stoke Mandeville Games for war veterans in England in 1955
Wheelchair fencing was developed by Sir Ludwig Guttmann, the founder of the Paralympic Games
At the Athens 2004 Games, Yu Chui Yee, from Hong Kong, became the first female athlete to win four gold medals at the same Games
Brazil's dramatic Paralympic Games debut in wheelchair fencing came at London 2012, when Jovane Guissone took gold in the épée category B event
The French athletes Christian Lachaud and Andre Hennaert hold the record for the most gold medals, with nine each
With 15 to his name, Italy's Roberto Marson is the athlete with the highest number of medals in the sport
In épée matches, the athletes use a metal-lined apron to protect their legs and wheelchair wheels
Hungary's Pal Szekeres is the only athlete to have won Olympic and Paralympic medals: bronze at Seoul 1988 and, after a bus accident, won six wheelchair fencing medals
The pool round features single bouts of three minutes, or until one of the competitors reaches five points.
Elimination round bouts consist of three rounds, each lasting three minutes or until one of the fencers scores 15 points.
In team matches, the winner is the team that scores 45 points first or has the most points when time ends.
Each time a fencer's target area is hit, a point is scored, with the totals kept by an electronic system that automatically registers every accurate strike.
The blade is heavier and more rigid
Points are scored when the blade's tip touches any part of the opponent's body above the waist
The blade is lighter and highly flexible
Points are scored when the blade's tip touches the opponent from the waistline up, excluding the limbs and the head
The sabre has a short, flexible blade, allowing for faster movements
Points are scored when the opponent is hit from the waist up with the cutting edge, the flat or the back of the blade
The wheelchair must be fastened to rails on the piste, which is 4m long and 1.5m wide. Action is halted if the wheelchair moves.
The athletes must wear protective masks and gloves, and a puncture-resistant jacket.
A – Good trunk control, allowing forward and sideways movement with possibility for explosive power. Fully functional fencing arm.
B – Either limited trunk control, limited use of fencing arm, or impairments that affect movement of both.
Athletes & Teams
|16 - 20||4|
|21 - 25||13|
|26 - 30||29|
|31 - 40||33|