Aim of the game
Competitors must try to throw their opponent onto the ground with their back on the floor, immobilise them on the ground for 20 seconds or force a submission
Why should you watch this?
Bouts are crammed full of skill, strength and drama – with one move, a judoka can turn a fight around in a split second
The call heard before each bout – it is the command “start!” in Japanese, given by the referee
The judo uniform: jacket and trousers of thick cloth
This command tells the judokas to temporarily stop fighting and return to their initial positions
Impress your friends
The sport started to be widely practised around the world in the 1970s and gained strength and popularity until it entered the Seoul 1988 Paralympic Games
At the Athens 2004 Paralympic Games, women’s competitions were added to the judo programme
The first Paralympic Games medal in judo was won by 16-year-old Simon Jackson at Seoul 1988. The Briton would also win gold at Barcelona and Atlanta
Two weeks before the London 2012 Games, the Republic of Korea's Gwang-Geun Choi was in hospital recovering from a leg operation. He won gold in the -100kg category
Brazil’s Antônio Tenório, a four-time Paralympic champion and London 2012 bronze medallist, will be seeking his sixth consecutive medal in Rio
Spain’s Maria del Carmen Herrera Gomez has not lost a bout in three Paralympic Games, and she will be out to win a fourth consecutive gold in Rio
Judo is the only martial art in the Paralympic programme and was the first sport of Asian origin to be included in the Games
Japan and China share the record for the most gold medals (4) at an edition of the Paralympic Games, winning their hauls at Seoul 1988 and Beijing 2008, respectively
B1 class judokas, who are totally blind, are identified by a red circle on the sleeves of their kimonos. They must be led by referee to tatame's mark for the fight to resume
Fights last five minutes for men, four minutes for women. If it ends in a tie, the contest goes to ‘golden score’ with no time limit – the judoka who scores the first point wins.
Judokas can achieve three types of score:
Yuko: The lowest score, achieved by taking the opponent down on their side or immoblising them for 10 seconds
Wazari: The result of taking down the opponent without them completely hitting the floor with their backs or without all the requirements of the ippon. It can also be achieved through an immobilisation of 15 seconds. Two wazaris equal an ippon.
Ippon: The perfect throw in judo – whoever manages to carry it out wins the fight. It consists of throwing the opponent with strength, speed and control onto his back on the floor. It can also be achieved through an immobilisation of 20 seconds or if the opponent submits due to the application of an arm-lock or stranglehold.
The referee stays within the combat area and has complete control of the bout, being able to interrupt at any time. They evaluate the fight and score the points that decide the result.
Kicking or punching are not permitted – if the referee thinks that one of these blows was intended, or any other that might put the physical integrity of the opponent at risk, they can penalise or disqualify the athlete. Acts of indiscipline can also be penalised.
Lack of combativeness, fleeing to the safety area and holding the opponent’s belt are other penalties that can cause warnings (shidos) – if four shidos are received in a bout, the judoka receives a hansoku make (disqualification). If the scores are equal at the end of the bout, whoever has least shidos wins.
Judokas compete wearing kimonos (also known as judogis) – a jacket and trousers made of thick cloth: one blue, the other white.
The mats are made of a special synthetic material that absorbs impact. The action takes place in the yellow combat area, which is surrounded by the green safety area.
Visually impaired athletes are classified in three categories: B1 (the most severe), B2 or B3 (the least severe). However, all categories compete together in different weight categories.
ESPMaria del Carmen Herrera
Athletes & Teams
|16 - 20||5|
|21 - 25||26|
|26 - 30||34|
|31 - 40||31|
- Alex BologaMenROU
- Arthur Cavalcante da SilvaMenBRA
- Alvaro Gavilan LorenzoMenESP
- Ayumi IshiiWomenJPN
- Arina KachanWomenBLR
- Aliaksandr KazlouMenBLR
- Aramitsu KitazonoMenJPN
- Alana Martins MaldonadoWomenBRA
- Abner Nascimento de OliveiraMenBRA
- Anuar SariyevMenKAZ
- Afag SultanovaWomenAZE
- Antonio TenorioMenBRA
- Adiljan TuledibaevMenUZB
- Abel Vazquez CortijoMenESP
- Munkhbat AajimMenMGL
- Mauricio BricenoMenVEN
- Marcos FalconMenVEN
- Michele Aparecida FerreiraWomenBRA
- Makoto HiroseMenJPN
- Minjae LeeMenKOR
- Maria Monica Merenciano HerreroWomenESP
- Mehdi MeskineMenALG
- Methawadee NantharakWomenTHA
- Mouloud NouraMenALG
- Myles PorterMenUSA
- Mesme TasbagWomenTUR
- Miguel VieiraMenPOR
- Mayumi YonedaWomenJPN
- Sabina AbdullayevaWomenAZE
- Shukhrat BoboevMenUZB
- Sarah ChungWomenUSA
- Satoshi FujimotoMenJPN
- Shizuka HangaiWomenJPN
- Samuel IngramMenGBR
- Songlee JinWomenKOR
- Sebastian JunkMenGER
- Sharif KhalilovMenUZB
- Sandrine MartinetWomenFRA
- Sherzod NamozovMenUZB
- Seyed Omid Nouri JafariMenIRI
- Sevinch SalaevaWomenUZB
- Shirin SharipovMenUZB