Aim of the game
Players use a selection of clubs to get their ball from the teeing ground into a hole in the fewest number of shots possible – the player who completes the 18-hole course with the lowest shot total wins the round
Why should you watch this?
In Rio, the world's best golfers will be part of the Olympic Games for the first time in more than a century, and the lure of a gold medal is sure to attract the sport's biggest names
A short shot onto the green using an open-faced club to pop the ball up into the air and on to the putting surface
The most powerful shot in golf, using the biggest wood called a 'driver'
The famously rare feat of getting the ball in the hole straight from the tee shot, usually only possible on shorter par 3 or 4 holes
Impress your friends
Golf began in Scotland in the Middle Ages, but the game was initially banned by King James II for interfering with archery practice
In 1744, the rules of the game were established and 10 years later the Society of St Andrews Golfers, home to one of the most famous courses in the world, was formed
Golf was first played at the Olympic Games in Paris in 1900, only to be removed after 1904 – it returns in 2016 after more than a century's absence
At the St Louis 1904 Games, 80 players took to the course – 77 Americans and three Canadians – with Toronto native George Lyon upsetting the odds to win gold
On 6 February 1971, golf was played on the moon when US astronaut Alan Shepherd exited Apollo 14 and hit a 6-iron shot
A competition golf course consists of 18 holes of varying length and is played four times during a championship.
Length: the normal championship course length is approximately 7,000 yards.
Tee: a designated area from where the first shot of each hole is played.
Fairway: the ideal route from the tee to the green, where the grass is cut shorter thus making it easier to play shots.
Green: the area around the hole where the grass is shortest and players use a putter to hit the ball.
Flag or pin: indicates where the hole is.
Hole or Cup: what the ball must fall into in the fewest shots possible.
Rough: an area of longer grass around the fairway, from where playing a shot is more difficult.
Water hazard: only found on some holes, if a ball falls into the water, the player receives one penalty shot and must drop their ball and play again from beside the 'hazard' but not nearer the hole.
Bunker: a sand-filled hole or 'hazard' designed to make the hole more difficult.
Out of bounds: if the ball lands or rolls here it cannot be played and the player receives a penalty stroke.
Par is the pre-determined number of shots that an elite golfer should take to complete a single hole:
Par 3 - 130-250 yards
Par 4 - 251-445 yards
Par 5 - over 550 yards
Triple bogey: 3-over par
Double bogey: 2-over par
Bogey: 1-over par
Birdie: 1-under par
Eagle: 2-under par
Albatross: 3-under par (also called a "double eagle")
Given in relation to the number of shots above or below par, with the winner taking the fewest shots to get his or her ball in each hole over the full competition.
Each player is allowed a 'caddie', a non-playing assistant and source of valuable advice, to carry their golf bag which can hold up to 14 different clubs.
Woods: for teeing off and longer, more powerful shots.
Irons: for controlled tee, long and mid-range shots.
Wedges: open-faced irons for bunker and short shots.
Putter: used on the greens, it is flat-faced to ensure the ball rolls smoothly along the surface.
USAHenri Chandler Egan