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A new world

Artistic Gymnastics

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Balance beam, pommel horse, parallel bars, rings... in artistic gymnastics the athletes compete on different apparatus in individual and team events, eight for men and six for women. This traditional sport has been in the Games since Athens 1896.
Spectator's Guide - Artistic Gymnastics
  • Artistic Gymnastics

Countries

Athletes

Events

60 196 16

Schedule & Results

Schedule & Results

Artistic Gymnastics

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August21
Date Event Status

About

About

Aim of the game

Combining strength, balance, flexibility and grace, gymnasts push themselves to their physical limits using a variety of apparatus, such as vaults, bars and beams, as well as in the spectacular apparatus-free ‘floor’ routines.

Why should you watch this?

With performances of strength and acrobatic skill featuring incredible flips and somersaults, the gymnastics on display across a full week of events will have you reassessing what you thought the human body was capable of.

International Federation

FIG

Olympic debut

Athens 1896

Rules
  • Arabesque

    Arabesque

    Balanced position typical in beam and floor exercises where the gymnast keeps one foot on the beam and raises the other behind them with arms extended

  • Handstand

    Handstand

    One of the most basic poses in artistic gymnastics, involving balancing the upright body with both hands on the beam

  • Twisting somersault

    Twisting somersault

    A somersault during which the gymnast rotates around the axis of the body a full 360º

Impress your friends

  • Records of acrobatic performances with moves similar to those seen in gymnastics exist from Egypt, although common wisdom suggests that gymnastics itself originated in Ancient Greece

    Records of acrobatic performances with moves similar to those seen in gymnastics exist from Egypt, although common wisdom suggests that gymnastics itself originated in Ancient Greece

  • In ancient times, gymnastics competitions included wrestling and dueling with bulls – and since the men competed naked, women were banned from taking part and watching

    In ancient times, gymnastics competitions included wrestling and dueling with bulls – and since the men competed naked, women were banned from taking part and watching

  • Aged 14, Romanian Nadia Comaneci made history at Montreal 1976 as the first gymnast to receive full marks from all judges, known as the 'perfect 10'

    Aged 14, Romanian Nadia Comaneci made history at Montreal 1976 as the first gymnast to receive full marks from all judges, known as the 'perfect 10'

  • At the 2003 World Championships, Brazilian Daiane dos Santos performed the first Arabian double pike in the floor exercises, a move now known as 'Dos Santos'

    At the 2003 World Championships, Brazilian Daiane dos Santos performed the first Arabian double pike in the floor exercises, a move now known as 'Dos Santos'

  • After 16 years without a gold medal, the US women won the team event at London 2012, scoring 183.596 points, well ahead of second-placed Russia

    After 16 years without a gold medal, the US women won the team event at London 2012, scoring 183.596 points, well ahead of second-placed Russia

Apparatus

There are six apparatus for men and four for women: 
- Uneven bars and balance beam are used for the women's events only           
- Horizontal bar, parallel bars, pommel horse and rings are for the men's competition only       
 - Both men and women compete in the floor and vault events

Medals are awarded for the individual all-round competitions, in which the gymnast performs on all apparatus, as well as for each apparatus and the team events.

Scoring

Scores are awarded by a panel of nine referees who assess the difficulty and technical quality of moves.

Pommel horse

A 1.15m tall apparatus with two handles, or pommels, on top, which allow the men to perform a series of manoeuvres using complex hand and body positions while keeping themselves atop the apparatus.

Rings

Two parallel rings, suspended 2.75m off the ground and 50cm apart by cables, are used by men in a series of exercises requiring incredible upper body strength and control.

Vault

Gymnasts sprint 25m towards this solid apparatus and jump onto its 120cm x 95cm surface, performing a variety of handsprung mid-air manoeuvres in the process, before landing on a mat.

Floor

A square mat, measuring 12m x 12m, with a 1m safety border, and sprung to provide added boost for somersaults and leaps (as well as cushioning falls), on which intricate gymnastic routines are performed lasting a maximum of 70 seconds for men and up to 90 seconds for women.

Bars

Horizontal bar: using only a steel bar 2.75m off the ground, male gymnasts perform a combination of hand manoeuvres and swinging jumps.

Uneven bars: the upper bar is 2.4m off the floor and the lower bar 1.6m, with athletes passing from one to the other and incorporating a series of grip changes, releases, jumps and other moves.

Parallel bars: two wooden rails on uprights, adjustable in height and used for swinging, vaulting and balancing exercises.

Balance beam: gymnasts perform somersaults and turns on a bar 5m long and 10cm wide.

Updates

Athletes

Athletes & Teams

Gender

Gender
Woman 50
Men 50
Women
Men

Age Range

Age Range
Under 15 1
16 - 20 36
21 - 25 37
26 - 30 19
31 - 40 6
Over 40 1
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