T alt="rio2016.com" he most recent cycling discipline in the Paralympic Games, track competition was introduced at the Atlanta 1996 Games. Like in the Olympic competition, it is divided into time trial, pursuit and sprint events.
One of the bikes used in track events is the tandem, with two seats. It is used by athletes with a visual impairment or low vision, identified by the letter B (blind). As in athletics events, there is an athlete guide who, in the case of cycling, is called the pilot and occupies the front seat.
Amputees also participate in track events, divided into five categories. The adaption of bicycles can vary from brakes and gear to prosthetics and orthotics designed for the competition - such as those that hold the handlebars. These categories are identified by the letter C.
The race format varies according to the event, but the dynamics are similar to Olympic track events. Paralympic cycling also has its rules determined by the International Cycling Union (UCI), but the organisation of the sport is the responsibility of the International Paralympic Committee (IPC).