- The Games
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Rio 2016 bid was driven by the wish to bring together the power of Olympic and Paralympic sports and the festive frame of mind of cariocas, with the purpose of bringing sustainable development to Brazil and to the Olympic and Paralympic Movements. For cariocas this development would be linked to the transformation of their city by the establishment of a new urban infrastructure, generation of new environmental, physical and social initiatives, new advantages and opportunities for all. Another reason was the possibility of encouraging Brazilian economy and tourism because of the Games, gaining for Brazil a new level of international recognition and enhancing its reputation as a thrilling place, where living, doing business and travelling is an excellent option. Additionally, the long term vision of the Brazilian Olympic Committee (BOC) and of its president Carlos Artur Nuzman has always included the possibility of hosting large events in Brazil as the best way to accelerate sport development in the country.
After Rio was eliminated from the race to host 2004 Olympic Games, the General Assembly of the Brazilian Olympic Committee, composed of the Confederations of all Olympic Sports resolved in a unanimous voting to waive the opportunity to try again in 2008 to compete with other cities to host the Pan American Games in 2007. The successful delivery of the largest sport event in the Americas, and the second largest sport event in the world, could prepare Brazil to win the Olympic and Paralympic Games.
Once Rio prevailed over San Antonio to host the Pan American Games, the Brazilian Olympic Committee resumed the Brazilian Olympic project, this time aiming at 2012 Games. In July 2003, the BOC Assembly chose Rio de Janeiro, instead of São Paulo, to compete for Brazil with the other applicant cities.
Again Rio was eliminated, but the bids for 2004 and 2012 were understood as a process that was constantly evolving, in which the strengths were enhanced and the weaknesses improved and corrected to assure, later on, the organization of a new attempt to become a candidate city.
On August 25, 2006, BOC Executive Committee decided to proposed to the Assembly to present Rio as an applicant city for 2016. This proposal was approved by oral vote, just a little more than two years after Rio’s bid for 2012 Games had been disqualified. At that time, the delivery of the Pan American Games paved the way for a new attempt at making the Brazilian Olympic project come true. This vision proved to be correct as Rio was awarded the right to host 2016 Games.
Rio de Janeiro was awarded the right to host 2016 Olympic and Paralympic Games by the 121st Session of the International Olympic Committee (IOC), the general assembly of this body, held in Copenhagen, Denmark, on October 2, 2009. Rio won the final round of voting by 66 votes against the 32 votes given to Madrid, the other finalist.
The result of all the rounds of voting was the following:
|Rounds of voting||1||2||3|
|Rio de Janeiro||26||46||66|
All candidate cities were compelled to submit sound technical proposals and this is precisely what Rio did. Other decisive issues were the unity between the three levels of government, the fact that the Olympic Games had never been held in South America and the Brazilian people well known worldwide for its special way of celebrating sport. Additionally, the International Olympic Committee understood what the power of transformation of these Games would mean to Rio, Brazil and South America. To the Olympic and Paralympic Movements this decision represented the opening of a new and promising frontier, and the possibility of inspiring 65 million youths under 18 years of age in Brazil and 180 in the whole continent.
Phase I – Applicant City: R$ 9.106.905,02
|Revenue||Federal Government||State Government||TOTAL|
|Donations by individuals||TOTAL|
Phase II – Candidate City: R$ 80,995,946.63
|Revenue||Public funds||Private funds||GENERAL TOTAL|
|Federal government||47,402,531.75||Instituto EBX||13,000,000.00|
|State government||3,617,556.00||Eike Bastista||10,000,000.00|
|Municipal government||4,995,620.93||Bradesco S/A||3,500,000.00|
* TAM contributed with R$ 1,233,726.00 in the form of discounts in air tickets
NOTE: The residual balance was used to fund the first months of operation of Rio 2016 Organizing Committee
The Organizing Committee for the Olympic and Paralympic Games Rio 2016 is in charge of Games planning and operation. For that, the Organizing Committee relies on a budget of R$ 5,6 billion that was approved by the International Olympic Committee (IOC). The organizing Committee intends to have the full budget funded by private organizations, but the three levels of government – federal, state and municipal - have assured to the IOC that they will cover any funding need the Organizing Committee may face.
The organizing Committee is not responsible for any works. The cost of venue and infrastructure works, adding up to R$ 23.2 billion, will be managed by the three government levels.
As explained in detail in answer 6, the budget of private revenues belongs to the Organizing Committee, a not for profit organization, which, as such does, not seek profit, but just to raise the amount required to plan and operate the Games.
In accordance with Rio 2016 Statutes, any possible positive balance achieved by the Organizing Committee will be distributed as follows: (i) 20% to the Brazilian Olympic Committee, (ii) 20% to the International Olympic Committee and (iii) 60% to be invested in the provision of general benefits to sport in this host country, as determined by the Host City Contract.
The Organizing Committee for the Olympic and Paralympic Games Rio 2016 is a private not for profit sport association formed by the Brazilian Olympic Confederations, the Brazilian Olympic Committee and Brazilian Paralympic Committee. It was assigned the mission of promoting, organizing and delivering the Olympic and Paralympic Games Rio 2016, following the guidelines of the Host City Contract, the International Olympic Committee, the International Olympic Committee and of the World Anti-Doping Agency and complying with provisions of the Brazilian law, the Olympic Charter and the IPC Manual.
The IOC will ensure the regular celebration of the Olympic Games, encourage and support a responsible concern with the environment, promote sustainable development in sport and demand compliance by the Olympic Games with these tenets.
The International Olympic Committee (IOC) is the higher authority of the Olympic Movement. Acting as a catalyst of the collaboration between all branches of the Olympic Family, National Olympic Committees, International Sport Federations, athletes, Organizing Committees of Olympic Games, sponsors, broadcast rightsholders and UN agencies, the IOC develops a full series of programs and projects to fulfill its mission of promoting an integrated sport and education culture, guided by its vision of contributing to the construction of a better world through sport and protection of the excellence, friendship and respect values.
The Brazilian Olympic Committee directs, by itself and with support from the National Olympic sport governing bodies, organizes the participation of Brazilian athletes in the Olympic Games Rio 2016.
The Brazilian Paralympic Committee organizes and directs the participation of Brazilian athletes in the Paralympic Games Rio 2016.
The Olympic Public Authority is a federative public consortium whose purpose is to coordinate the participation of the federal administration, the state of Rio de Janeiro and the municipality of Rio de Janeiro in the preparation and delivery of the Olympic and Paralympic Games Rio 2016 and plan for the delivery of the works and services needed to stage the event.
The higher instance of the APO is the Olympic Public Council, chaired by former Central Bank president Henrique Meirelles, and formed by the mayor of the city of Rio de Janeiro and the governor of the state of Rio de Janeiro. The Council is granted powers to approve and amend APO statures, approve APO budgetary proposal, approve the Portfolio of Olympic Projects, appoint the members of the Governance and Audit Committees, and decide on any possible assignment of responsibilities for the projects included in the Portfolio of Olympic Projects, and approve the Matrix of Responsibility.
The APO President is appointed by the President of the Republic.
All the candidate cities to host the Olympic and Paralympic Games sign an agreement with the International Olympic Committee (IOC). The Host City Contract, which is later on ratified by the awarded city and by the National Olympic Committee of the host country, states in detail the rights and obligations of the parties involved in Games organization, setting the basis for the partnership that constitutes the foundation for the work of the Organizing Committee with the International Olympic Committee, the International Paralympic Committee and their partners. In the candidature phase, the three government levels – federal, state and municipal - also offered several guarantees to the IOC. The IOC monitors the fulfillment of these commitments through the IOC interlocutor in Games organization, that is, Rio 2016 Organizing Committee which, on its turn, has permanent relations with the Public Olympic Authority and the three government levels.
Rio’s candidature to 2016 Games has already prompted Rio to enforce the federal accessibility law said to be one of the most complete in the world and seen as a reference by the United Nations with regards to reduced mobility or special needs.
The three government levels – federal, state and municipal – guaranteed that accessibility will be fully integrated to the planning and construction of the infrastructure and of the Olympic venues, in full compliance with national and international standards.
Until 2016 all public transportation systems in the city of Rio de Janeiro will be offering full accessibility, and the accessibility standards of the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) will be enforced in all new hotels built in the city, with the purpose of encompassing at least at least 1% of all rooms available in Rio de Janeiro.
Besides the physical legacy, the awareness of the accessibility issue by the general population will be one of the key benefits arising out of the Paralympic Games.
Among the four finalists of the process of selection of the host city of 2016 Games, Rio de Janeiro had the largest number of competition venues that were fully ready. Currently, 47% of the venues required to stage the event already exist and are in operation. Several of these venues were developed or remodeled for the Pan and Parapan American Games Rio 2007. Another 25% will be temporary venues.
Ten competition venues will be built, which is equivalent to 28% of the venues required to stage Rio 2016 Games, and will become a permanent legacy of the Games. Each one of such venues is grounded on a sound commercial plan capable of assuring their long term sustainability, contributing to the development of Olympic and Paralympic sport and to an increased participation of society as a whole.
The most significant structural project of the sport legacy of Rio’s candidature is the Olympic Training Center (COT). The COT joins two venues existing since Rio 2007 and several others still to be built and which will become part of the Olympic Park of Rio 2016 Games. After the Games, the COT will be the Brazilian and continental training reference. The long term use of the COT will be assured by resources from a neighboring commercial venture that at Games time will host the International Broadcasting Center, the Main Press Center and a hotel.
Another significant legacy will be the Deodoro Radical Park where the cycling (BMX and Mountain bike) and canoe (slalom) venues will be built. After the Games, this venue will become a radical sport center strategically located in one of the most densely populated and youngest regions of Rio de Janeiro. As a legacy the Radical Park facilities will be added to those of the COT, generating opportunities for training in the same sports of the Games, with the possibility of expansion to other radical disciplines.
One of the premises of Rio 2016 Games since the candidature phase has been the use of all the competition venues of Rio 2007 Games.
The Organizing Committee, acting jointly with the governments, was very careful in making sure that an adequate number of hotel rooms, bed and breakfast accommodations and temporary lease apartments will be available at Games time to meet the international market demand.
In 2009, at the time of Rio’s candidature for the Games, the total two to five start hotel capacity in the city was 20,000 rooms. Data furnished by the Brazilian Hotel Industry Association (ABIH)showed that this capacity had steadily increased in the five previous years at an average rate of 1,000 rooms per year. Based on such data, the forecast presented in the bid project was that the ABIH was convinced that by 2016 Rio’s capacity will have reached 27,000 hotel rooms.
After the incentive package offered by city hall to the construction of new hotels, and the natural interest of hospitality groups in building in Rio after it was awarded the right to organize the Games, studies conducted by city hall showed that this forecast will be exceeded by over five thousand rooms. But the candidature figures, presented based on a growth rate recorded before Rio became an Olympic city were deemed sufficient by the IOC.
The Olympic and Paralympic Village of Rio de Janeiro is a high quality housing project in the fastest growing region in the city, Barra da Tijuca, the heart of the Games. Right beside the Village, at walking distance, there will be the Nucleus of Rio Olympic Park and of Riocentro, which together will host the competitions of 14 Olympic sports and 13 Paralympic disciplines. A training area will also be established close to the Village with infrastructure for 11 Olympic sports and 8 Paralympic disciplines.
The land where the Olympic and Paralympic Village will be built belongs to Carvalho Hosken, a builder broadly recognized by its high quality residential projects that has assumed the responsibility for Village construction. Carvalho Hosken has developed several successful ventures in Barra da Tijuca, with several of them enforcing environmental sustainability concepts.
After the Games, the Olympic and Paralympic Village will become a private housing project. The legacy project is based on extended feasibility studies, rooted on the significant demand for high quality condominium in the region of Barra da Tijuca. The venture is fully in line with Rio’s strategic planning.
Most of the relocations in the city aim at removing families who live in risk areas and at the time of the works required to improve city infrastructure. Where necessary, in order to avoid any losses to dwellers, the relocation is carried out by common agreement with the families. All the relocations will be coordinated by Rio City Hall Municipal Secretariat of Housing. Not a single family will leave their home without an agreement signed with City Hall. Besides compensation or receipt of a new home built as part of the Minha Casa (My Home) program, this agreement sets a term for the relocation. In all cases families are given the title of the new units.
The Dilma Rousseff administration has been designing a new airport policy, making the airports a government priority and is moving in the right direction.
The transportation strategy was developed aimed at ensuring that all those who are watching, taking part or working in the Olympic and Paralympic Games will be offered safe, fast and reliable transport options.
The Olympic Family will be offered exclusive transportation systems with dedicated fleets, facilities and management structure that will be coordinated by a high governance level transportation system. The Olympic Family clients will be entitled to use their credentials to gain free access to the public means of transportation.
All of Rio 2016 Games spectators and workforce will be offered free rides to the events and work sites in the public transportation system. Investments will be made that will result in a High Capacity Transportation Ring that twill comprise a completely renovated system of trains, a renovated metro system and a new BRT (Bus Rapid Transit) system. This network will have the integration option available in several stations, and will connect all the four Games Zones to key areas of the city, transforming the urban environment and creating a legacy that will have a significant social legacy.
The three government levels will be working jointly to ensure a safe and agreeable environment for the Games. The Games will act as a catalyst of long term improvements in Rio de Janeiro security systems, representing a real opportunity of transformation, through a process that started with the Pan American Games 2007, and has been evolving with the preparations for the FIFA World Cup in 2014.
The planning of the Games security operation was based on a full assessment of security and related risks, conducted by international risk and security management experts, working jointly with the competent Brazilian authorities.
The Brazilian experience in ensuring the security of the large events held in the city, as for example, the Brazilian leg of Athens 2004 Torch Relay, the famous Carioca Carnival and the New Year’s Eve celebrations will guarantee the delivery of successful and friendly security operation.
The general population is already reaping the benefits of the project of Rio de Janeiro Pacifying Police Units (UPPs) deployed based on a responsible and careful planning.
In partnership with the private sector the state administration has been developing a quality project aimed at the cleaning of the Guanabara Bay that will be the target of investments until 2016.
The organizing Committees for 2014 FIFA World Cup and Rio 2016 are distinct entities, working in cooperation and in close contact, be it at the technical level towards the delivery of the Olympic football competition, or through discussions and exchanges of information about issues that are common to both events, always in accordance with the guidance provided by FIFA and the IOC.
The criteria and conditions governing the inclusion of sports, disciplines and events in the Olympic Program are established in Article 46 of the Olympic Charter, under International Olympic Committee (IOC) Authority.
Generally, new sports may only be added until the election of the host city. In Rio2016 program the new sports are rugby and golf. However, sports that are already part of Rio 2016 program may apply for the inclusion of disciplines and events up to three years before the opening of the Games.
At the right time, a transparent and inclusive volunteer recruiting process will be conducted, supported by an alignment of personal values to those of the project to be followed by specific training. Special attention will be given to factors as diversity, expertise and social inclusion. The objective will be to select volunteers fully committed to the project, who wish to have a unique story to tell their relatives or future employers and capable of fully grasping the concept of diversity when the time comes to serve and interact with the public, athletes and other members of the workforce.
Volunteer recruiting will be extensively advertised through various channels of communication..
Rio 2016 Organizing Committee will design a ticketing and promotion policy that will guarantee not just that stadiums will be filled to capacity, but also access to the competition venues to all social strata and all Games clients. The ticketing program will be broadly announced through several channels of communication. A large network of distribution and flexible service hours will make Games tickets easily available to all, in an organized and fair manner, with full credibility.
The licensing program will start this year, and the forecast is that the first products will be arriving shortly before the London Games next year.
Rio 2016 Games brand resulted from a collective design process. The concept was born from a simple but inspiring idea: what actually makes Rio a unique city and the Games a grandiose event are the people. This is why it is an essentially human brand, shaped by the exuberant nature of a city that invites you to live with passion and lightness of spirit, live side by side and share, spreading friendship and warmth with contagious joy and energy.
The process of selection of the design agency that was to create the official Olympic Games brand took five months and was praised even by participants.
One hundred and thirty nine agencies from all over the country enrolled in the process, and all were required to have operations in Brazil.
After the initial briefing, delivery of materials (portfolio, case, documentation), interviews and a technical briefing, eight finalists were selected, four from Rio de Janeiro, two from de São Paulo and two from Curitiba.
The finalists submitted their creation proposals for analysis by a multidisciplinary evaluation commission, formed by 12 specialists recognized in the national and international markets for their experience in the design and approval of brands or for relevant actions in the Olympic and Paralympic Movements, besides representatives of the federal, state and municipal levels of the government.
The contract was awarded to Rio de Janeiro’s Tátil Design de Ideias that brings to the project more than 20 years of experience, more than 100 national and international prizes and a portfolio of clients that includes large corporations doing business in several segments.
By its very nature, the organization of the Olympic Games is multidisciplinary, involving an immense variety of areas and expertise. There are some areas that require specific knowledge of the sport universe, however there are functions that may be performed by professionals with experience in different segments, as for example Corporate Finance or IT. In other sectors, specialized staff will be needed as in the case of Technology and Accommodation. People who are competent in their careers, passionate about the values represented by the Games, with personal characteristics of flexibility, determination and willingness to learn are quick to adapt to the project.
All the openings and job profiles are disclosed by the Organizing Committee in the Opportunities section of this site. To register it suffices to send a CV to the electronic address indicated for each opening. If your profile does not match the requirements of any of the openings, you should wait for the announcement of other opportunities. Candidates will go through a process of selection conducted by Rio 2016.
At Games time, a workforce of 4,000 people will have been hired by the Organizing Committee, plus 70,0000 volunteers and 35,00 collaborators working for contractors.